Week 3: Sensory and Environment


play for the first six months



Children develop at their own pace. As long as your child is developing along the continuum, please don't worry. 

The quality of motor progression— not timing is what matters most.

Development starts at the head and neck, back and tummy (core), then extends out to limbs (arms and hands, legs and feet).

In the first three months, random movements become more purposeful, functional and more coordinated.

Sequence— from back (supine) and belly, to side-lying and rolling, to sitting, to pulling into standing, to cruising. 

back & HAND skills

holding feet.jpg
baby on back.jpg

By three months, your baby is able to keep his head in midline and bring his hands to his chest or together. Hands are open and free to grasp objects. His ability to voluntarily release objects develops after his ability to voluntarily grasp them. 

When playing on back (or tummy), your baby's feet will touch and from a tactile perspective, this helps prepare the feet for standing later on. 

Little hands start out fisted and then, open up and spread. Weight bearing on tummy will help extend the wrists. You can massage baby's palms and fingers to help relax them as well as place small rattles in hand to hold. 

If your baby's hands remain fisted by four to five months, you may want to consult a practitioner (OT, physio).

At four to six months you will see a lot more reaching up for toys, your face and baby's knees. You may notice your baby get into bridge position (arch belly up). This works on hip muscles that is used for sitting and walking.

Encourage reaching with both arms, across the body and to the sides in addition to upward and forward. All angles are great. 

tummy skills: around 2 months & onwards

baby on forearm.jpg

Good head control is needed and so true propping begins around 8 weeks when your baby can tolerate weight bearing through shoulders and hands. 

If your baby doesn't tolerate tummy time for very long, it may not seem like it is necessary or important. However it is essential to your baby's core strength. 

Why is it important? This part of development helps prepare your child physically for activities like feeding, dressing and handwriting.

Start with 30 seconds and gradually increase the time.

Provide an incline, roll a blanket under chest, allow to rub face against surface, place mirror and black & white cards to the side. You can also apply gentle pressure on his bum. This helps take weight off his face and making head turning and lifting easier. 

*Repeat several times a day— short and sweet

At 3 months of age, you don't want to see your baby mostly propping with straight arms. Generally this means that the baby is cheating by locking her joints. It creates the same  illusion of strength as standing your 3 or 4 month old. You may want to consult a practitioner for guidance. 

sitting .jpg

sitting skills

  • As a place where times moves a little more slowly.
  • Be

recommended toys 

  • Toys that attach to stroller
  • Picture books with familiar photos that baby sees
  • Textured teether toys
  • Cause-and-effect toys
  • Soft toys
  • Baby mirror
  • Mobiles
  • Small rattles for hands and feet
  • Play gyms with overhead toys
  • Stacking cups and blocks


ways to play with baby

  1. Eye contact
  2. Stretch out
  3. Massage
  4. Mirrors
  5. Wear baby